Autism, like many other medical conditions, has over the years become a major research focus for researchers in most part of the world. Based on available reports, in the United States of America alone, one in forty-two boys and one in eighty-nine girls suffer from autism. There are around seven hundred thousand people in the United Kingdom living with autism.

While there is no known cure for this condition, continued research and innovations are carried out to fully understand and put an end to this condition. Theories and therapies change all the time, and it is important for parents, teachers, and caregivers to stay up to date on the latest research trends. 


According to the US Department of Health and Human Services Interagency Autism Coordinating Committee (IACC), the ongoing research on Autism Spectral Disorder (more commonly dubbed “ASD”) covers seven core areas which seek to provide answers about:


  • The process by which autism occurs in a child
  • The factors that  could cause autism and possible methods of prevention
  • How to implement changes in the current infrastructure to take care of autistic individuals
  • How autistic individuals go about their day lives from birth till adulthood.
  •  The accessibility and effectiveness of autism care and services. 
  • The necessity for early autism diagnosis
  • Potential cures and promising inventions and treatments for autism


Trends In The Biological Process Of Autism


Based on the reports of IACC, it is estimated that about thirty-eight percent (38%) of autism research is centered on the biological process of autism. This involves carrying out experiments that will help understand how and why autism occurs. This is to help understand the relationship between autism and other health conditions, genetic mutations, and neurological functions. 


Research On Risk Factors


This area focuses on the likely causes that may lead a child down the autistic path. Researchers theorize that the two main factors that lead to autism are environmental factors and genetic make ups.


A study carried out discovered that about twelve percent of mothers of autistic children expressed antibodies that are thought to possibly attack the brain of the fetus during pregnancy. This experiment was replicated in pregnant rhesus monkeys and the offspring also had ASD. 


Research on the Lifespan of ASD patients


This area of ASD research has been sparsely explored as it has been reported that only about Four percent of the autism research is focused on this field. A recent research suggested that employment should be offered to autistic adults rather than offering them day care services.


Diagnosis of Autism


As a parent or a concerned loved one, it is imperative to know when you should have your child diagnosed for Autism Spectral Disorder. Eleven percent of the ongoing research focuses specifically on the area of Autism diagnosis. Various research efforts are being made and several equipment are under construction to ensure that autism can be diagnosed as early as possible. 


On The Area Of Infrastructure And Surveillance


The research concentration on infrastructure and surveillance of ASD seems to be the lowest as it has been reported that only about three percent of research is focused on creating awareness, public education on certain risk factors and peculiarities of specific societies and culture.


So Is There Hope In The Future?


As of this moment, there is no known cure for Autism Spectral Disorder. However, it is not from lack of trying. According to IACC, about nineteen percent of the total ASD research is focused on new treatments, innovations, and interventions for autism. This research field covers various aspects that encompasses everything from novel drug treatments to behavioral therapies. Various forms of play and activities have been identified to help children make progress with autism.


Though we are still far from developing a cure to end autism, there is endless optimism that one day soon, the genetic disorder will be a thing of the past.